Create a systematic review

According to the Cochrane Handbook and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) : a systematic review attempts to collate all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria in order to answer a specific research question. It uses explicit, systematic methods that are selected with a view to minimizing bias, thus providing more reliable findings from which conclusions can be drawn and decisions made.

Key characteristics of a systematic review:

1. A clearly stated set of objectives with predefined eligibility criteria for studies
2. An explicit, reproducible methodology
3. A systematic search that attempts to identify all studies that meet the eligibility criteria
4. An assessment of the validity of the findings of the included studies, for example through the assessment of risk of bias
5. A systematic presentation, and synthesis, of the characteristics and findings of the included studies

Librarians can support you to complete a systematic review. Please visit any HNE Health Library branch to discuss your project and learn more about the ways in which we can assist you.

You can also complete this Systematic Review Course developed in conjunction with (HETI). The aim of this course is to step participants through the processes of a systematic literature search, study selection, data extraction and writing up of a review for publication, or to inform policy or health service practice.